Syllabus | Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry-I (Theory) | B. Pharmacy

Course: B Pharmacy 2nd Year, 4th Semester

Name of the Subject: Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry-I (Theory)

Subject Code: BP405T

S. No. Contents of the Topics             Domain Time(Hrs)
1. Introduction to Pharmacognosy:
a) Definition, history, scope and development of Pharmacognosyb) Sources of Drugs – Plants, Animals, Marine & Tissue culture

c) Organized drugs, unorganized drugs (dried latex, dried juices, dried extracts, gums and mucilages, oleoresins and oleo- gum -resins).



Must Know

Classification of drugs: Alphabetical, morphological, taxonomical, chemical, pharmacological, chemo and sero taxonomical classification of drugs

Must Know

Quality control of Drugs of Natural Origin:

Adulteration of drugs of natural origin.
Evaluation by organoleptic, microscopic, physical, chemical and biological methods and properties.

Quantitative microscopy of crude drugs including lycopodium spore method, leaf-constants, camera lucida and diagrams of microscopic objects to scale with camera lucida.


Nice to know


   Must Know

2. Cultivation, Collection, Processing and storage of drugs of natural origin:
Cultivation and Collection of drugs of natural originFactors influencing cultivation of medicinal plants.

Plant hormones and their applications.

Polyploidy, mutation and hybridization with reference to medicinal plants. Conservation of medicinal plants.


Must know

3. Plant tissue culture:

Historical development of plant tissue culture, types of cultures, Nutritional requirements, growth and their maintenance. Applications of Plant Tissue Culture in Pharmacognosy. Edible Vaccines.

Must know 7
4. Pharmacognosy in various systems of medicine: Role of Pharmacognosy in allopathy and traditional systems of medicine namely, Ayurveda,
Siddha and Chinese systems of medicine.
Must Know

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5. Study of biological source, chemical nature and uses of drugs of natural origin containing following drugs

Plant Products:
Fibers – Cotton, Jute, Hemp

Hallucinogens, Teratogens, Natural allergens

Must know 2
Primary metabolites:

General introduction, detailed study with respect to chemistry, sources, preparation, evaluation, preservation, storage, therapeutic used and commercial utility as Pharmaceutical Aids and/or Medicines for the following Primary metabolites:
Carbohydrates: Acacia, Agar, Tragacanth, Honey

Proteins and Enzymes : Gelatin, casein, proteolytic enzymes (Papain, bromelain, serratiopeptidase, urokinase, streptokinase, pepsin),
Lipids(Waxes, fats, fixed oils) : Castor oil, Chaulmoogra oil, Wool Fat, Bees Wax

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Must Know

Marine Drugs:
Novel medicinal agents from marine sources
Must know 2